Legends, Mythology & History

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Legends, Mythology & History of kailash Mansarovar Yatra

Kailash predates almost all religious pilgrimages in India. While Lord Shiva visits Varanasi, his eternal abode is always Kailash, where he dwells with his consort Parvati. For Hindus, Kailash is the physical manifestation of the revered Mount Meru, the centre of the world. In the Bhagvad Gita, Lord Krishna says, "Among the mountains, I am Meru." As the merudanda, it is the spinal cord, the axis mundi that holds the world together.

The Vishnu Purana (approx 200 BCE) describes how the world is made up of seven continents ringed by seven oceans - 'The central continent has Meru at its core, bounded by three mountain ranges to the north and three to the south. One of these ranges is the Himalayan barrier, interposed between Meru and 'Bharatha', the Indian subcontinent. Meru itself stands eighty-four thousand leagues high, with four faces of crystal, ruby, gold and lapis lazuli. Ganga falls from the heavens on Meru's summit, circles the mountain and then divides into four mighty rivers which flow to the four quarters of the earth.'' Today we know that the Kailash Mansarovar region indeed gives rise to four great rivers: Brahmaputra, Indus, Sutlej and Karnali.

  • This place (Manasarovar) is a grand creation of the nature which is not only revered by the Hindu followers, but also valued by the followers of the other religions like Jain, Bone and Bauddha.
  • It is believed that just a single circuit of the Kailaish Mountain brightens the life and wipes out the sins of lifetime. It emancipates Jivas from the vicious cycle of births and deaths consequently entering into the Brahma's paradise.
  • There is a belief that while going to the heaven with the physical attendance through Uttaranchal of India in the later stage of their life, the Panch Pandavas had taken the bath in this lake and got vanished in the womb of Mt. Kailash.
  • The religious belief of Hinduism state that the God of heaven, Indra had the meditation here in order to get the Bazra, thundering weapon, in order to kill the devils. While at the time of Mahabharata the brave warrior, Arjuna, contemplated at this place to the Lord Shiva so as to acquire the Gandiva Dhanu, a powerful bow.
  • It is believed that the gods and the goddesses appear on the Lake Mansarovar in order to take bath and play in the water early in the morning.
  • According to Skanda Purana, Mount Kailash is the earthly manifestation of Mt. Meru, their spiritual center of the universe.
  • There is a Vedic belief that the earth has been divided into two halves keeping Meru as the center point.
  • The sacred region of Mount Kailash is the fountain head of four great Asian rivers (Indus, Sutlej, Bramhaputra and Karnali). The rivers like Indus, Sutlej, Bramhaputra and Karnali initiate their perpetual journey from here and irrigate the land of the earth.
  • The Vedic and factual references affirm that the origin of the human civilization Indus valley civilization was initiated from this sacred place which has made the importance of this place prominent.
  • Om devotees have established this voyage as the journey to the heaven as it used to be accomplished only either by a few people or by the powerful personalities in the Vedic period. Perhaps, because of this reason, the belief that one couldn't go to the heaven with the physical presence continued.
  • The Aryans have agreed Lord Shiva as the Rudra, the powerful form of the god. As the Brahma, the creator, the Bishnu, the preserver, and the Maheshwora, the destroyer, accepted the Rudra within them when he was performing the Tandava dance in the Himalayas, since than  the Vedic Aryans have taken the Rudra as the demolisher.  Because the Vedic philosophy states that the destruction of the universe is the creation of the new one. So the Aryans have often considered lord Shiva as the destructive force as well.
  • According to Manusmriti the four great faces of Kailash Mountain are made up of crystal, ruby gold and Lapis Lazuli (bright blue Gemstone).
  • The word, Kailash is “Panchakshari” represents the five dimensions. Shiva Purana state that the five dimensions of the Kailash Mountain are considered as the five entrances. Out of the five faces, according to the Scholars, four could be physically seen and the fifth can only be seen through the eye of the knowledge.
  • Shiva Purana state the eastern face of the Kailash Mountain is the principal of Shakti Tattva represented by the cosmic principal of Ananda and its deity is Mahadeva. The south face is the principal of Gyan represented by the cosmic principal of Buddhi and its deity is Bhairava. The west face is the principal of Ichha represented by the cosmic principle of Ahankar and its deity is Nandi. The north face is the principal of Sadviddhya and is represented by the cosmic principal Manas and its deity is Uma. The fifth face is invisible and it is said that there is no night and day and believed, that is the absolute power. That is the Shiva.
  • GauriKunda; according to the tradition belief, it is considered as the power source of the Mother Parvati and sometimes it is also described as the center point of the earth.